Crow by Boria Sax As I am working with crow symbolism and meaning, I am currently reading this captivating book by American writer Boria Sax. It spans science, folklore, history and mythology of the corvid family across different cultures. What is fascinating in chapter three is the account given by the Roman historian Livy of single combat between a giant Gaul and Valerius Corvus, ‘Valerius the Crow’ (p56) where a raven landed on his helmet and helped the warrior win the battle by swooping on his foe. This idea of a raven/ crow helmet is further exemplified in the chapter:“A Celtic helmet of Iron from the second or third century BC, found in Ciumesti, Romania is topped by an image of a Raven with hinged wings.” (p57)I found that this idea of a raven or crow helmet fired my imagination and wanted to incorporate it into the current work I am creating about my father, his links to Celtic and Irish history and our original ancestor: Caoilte. The crow or raven is intimately linked to the Celtic battle goddess: the Morrigan, ruler of war and fate.What is also fascinating is the ambivalent symbology of the corvid over time:“The crow or raven might represent extremes of good or evil, depending on the context in which it appeared” (p80)and the alchemical symbology of the Corvid: “The raven eating carrion, even the dead bodies of human beings, signified the transformation of all things as the world, slowly but inexorably, moved towards perfection.” (p81)In corvids, I find the reflection of human nature and the symbology of the internal/ external battles we face as individuals: the armor we wear and the allies we choose.As humans, we see through our own lense of perception; we anthropomorphize the nature of corvids which is essentially something ‘other’.